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Obama looking -- Iraq & Syria May Not

Iraq & Syria May Not Survive as States, intel chief says
Description: Syria in flames for over years

Syria in flames for over years

The Defense Intelligence Agency chief said Thursday in a frank assessment that is completely at odds with Obama administration policy that Iraq and Syria may have been permanently torn asunder by war and sectarian tensions.
'I’m having a tough time seeing it come back together,' Lt. Gen. Vincent Stewart told an industry conference, speaking of Iraq and Syria, both of which have seen large chunks territory seized by the Islamic State.
On Iraq, Stewart said he is 'wrestling with the idea that the Kurds will come back to a central government of Iraq,' suggesting he believed it was unlikely. On Syria, he added: 'I can see a time in the future where Syria is fractured into two or three parts.'
That is not the U.S. goal, he said, but it’s looking increasingly likely.
CIA Director John Brennan, speaking on the same panel at an industry conference, noted that the countries’ borders remain in place, but the governments have lost control of them. A self-declared caliphate by the Islamic State straddles the border between both countries.
Iraqis and Syrians now more often identify themselves by tribe or religious sect, rather than by their nationality, he said.
'I think the Middle East is going to be seeing change over the coming decade or two that is going to make it look unlike it did,' Brennan said.
Iraq and Syria were artificial creations of British and French diplomats when the Ottoman Empire disintegrated on the eve of World War I. Each contains communities of Sunnis, Shiites and Kurds. Iraq is run by a Shiite-dominated government with ties to Iran , while the Bashar Assad government in Syria is dominated by Alawites, also a Shiite sect. They are each fighting Islamic State, a fundamentalist Sunni group.
The Obama administration’s official policy is that Iraq and Syria remain internationally recognized nation states. Administration officials, for example, have resisted calls to send arms directly to the Kurds, who have carved out a measure of autonomy in northern Iraq and have been America’s most loyal ally in the region. The administration has insisted that arms for the Kurds be routed through the government in Baghdad.
In 2006, then-Sen. Joe Biden argued for splitting Iraq into three autonomous ethnic zones with a limited role for a central government. The George W. Bush administration sought to keep Iraq unified, but Sunnis eventually became disaffected with a Shiite government in Baghdad that excluded them. Kurds have been in continual disputes over budgets and oil with Baghdad, and they have seized control of the strategic northern city of Kirkuk.
In Syria, the Assad government is hanging on with increasing support from Russia, leaving the country divided among government, rebel-held, and Islamic State territory.

Obama looking to admit more Syrian refugees: White House

Description: Refugees in desperate need of help

Refugees in desperate need of help

The White House said Washington is planning to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees in the coming budget year, which would be a significant increase from the 1,500 people who have been cleared to resettle in the U.S. since civil war broke out in the Middle Eastern country more than four years ago.
The White House has been under heavy pressure to do more than just provide money to help meet the humanitarian crisis in Europe. Tens of thousands of people from war-torn countries in the Middle East and Africa are risking their lives and dying en masse during desperate attempts to seek safe haven on the continent.
The refugees from Syria, however, would be people who are already in the pipeline and waiting to be let into the United States, not the thousands working their way through eastern Europe and landing in Greece. It was not immediately clear how admitting a larger number of Syrian refugees who are in the processing pipeline would help alleviate the crisis that European countries are grappling with.
White House spokesman Josh Earnest said about $4 billion that the administration has provided to relief agencies and others is the most effective way for the U.S. to help shoulder the crisis, but that President Barack Obama has decided that admitting more Syrian refugees in the budget year that begins Oct. 1 would also help boost the U.S. response.
About 17,000 Syrians have been referred over the last few years to the U.S. for resettlement by the U.N. refugee agency. About 1,500 are in the U.S., with another 300 scheduled to be allowed in this month. That leaves about 15,000 Syrians waiting for the clearance process to conclude, according to the State Department.
Obama would like to admit 10,000 of those, according to Earnest’s announcement.
State Department spokesman John Kirby also said the 10,000 Syrians will come from the pool of 17,000 people referred to the U.S. by the U.N. agency.
Earnest said earlier this week that the administration has been looking at a “range of approaches” for assisting U.S. allies with 340,000 people freshly arrived from the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Many are fleeing parts of Iraq that are under the Islamic State group’s control. The 1,500 Syrians who are resettling in the U.S. represent a small percentage of the 11.6 million people who have been chased out of the country or uprooted from their homes due to the civil war in Syria.
Secretary of State John Kerry told lawmakers Wednesday that the U.S. will increase its worldwide quota for resettling refugees by 5,000, from 70,000 to 75,000 next year — and the number could still rise, according to two officials and a congressional aide who requested anonymity to discuss a private meeting.
Kerry said after meeting with Senate Judiciary Committee members that the U.S. would increase the number of refugees it is willing to accept. He did not provide a specific number.
“We are looking hard at the number that we can specifically manage with respect to the crisis in Syria and Europe,” he said Wednesday.
Germany is bracing for some 800,000 asylum seekers this year.
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton, Kerry’s predecessor at the State Department, called for an “emergency global gathering” at the U.N. General Assembly meeting this month, where countries could pledge aid money and to accept some of the migrants.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi said Thursday that the U.S. should increase the number of refugees it resettles next year by more than the 5,000 figure to help European countries, saying the figure suggested by Kerry “is far too low.” Pelosi, D-Calif., said the U.S. accepted far more refugees after the Vietnam War and could do so again.
Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois, the No. 2 Democratic leader, said he would be surprised if Pope Francis does not raise the refugee issue when he visits separately with Obama and members of Congress in two weeks. “We should be ready to respond,” Durbin said.
Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas, chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, sounded alarms about the potential for Islamic State militants to use the refugee situation to sneak operatives into the West. He also said the U.S. doesn’t have the manpower to adequately investigate the background of every Syrian who wants to come to the U.S.
Earnest said the safety and security of the U.S. and its citizens would be a top consideration when deciding which refugees are let into the country.
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